Laser Eye Surgery

The Reasons to Choose Laser Eye Surgery

Laser eye surgery is performed to rectify a number of eye problems. One of the most common factors is that of simply correcting what may be slightly flawed vision in otherwise healthy adults. This corrective eye surgery is normally carried out by an eye specialist who will first determine how much the field of vision may need to be modified. The operation itself involves the use of a laser. An eye doctor will use this laser to literally reshape the lenses of the eyes through heat. Such laser surgery is usually accomplished within one treatment on an outpatient basis. The results are permanent and will allow the individual to forgo the use of eyeglasses or corrective lenses.

Another reason that one may need eye surgery is due to the presence of cataracts. Especially common in patients over fifty years of age, a cataract is a natural clouding of the lens that obscures and in some cases eliminates one's vision entirely. The clouded part of the lens is surgically removed, the excess fluid is washed away and a plastic replacement is inserted in its place. After such a cataract operation most patients can expect to have a nominal vision of 20/40 or better.

A third motivation to carry out eye surgery may be due to a traumatic event. For example, a cornea may be scraped or otherwise damaged in an accident. Assuming that the condition is treatable, surgical procedures such as the insertion of a new lens or the repair of a corneal tear will be carried out by a surgeon or eye specialist. Due to modern innovations, the chances of a full recovery are appreciable.

The main reasons that one would elect for ocular surgery are:
  • A standard option to correct vision problems such as near-sightedness or far-sightedness.
  • The ablation and removal of cataracts.
  • Reconstructive or emergency reasons.

Laser Eye Surgery Risks

Although the majority of these procedures will be completed without incident, there are still a number of safety considerations that should be addressed. With corrective laser surgery, such as LASIK, the pronounced risks are primarily visual and should dissipate within a few days of the initial treatment. Such conditions as night blindness, redness, swelling and pain are the most frequent occurrences. Less common risks are infection and permanently blurred vision.

In the case of cataract surgery, the risks are slightly more pronounced. The most severe is the slight chance of developing a detached retina during the surgical process. Inflammation may occur as well as a small amount of bleeding. As with corrective laser eye treatment, there is the slight chance of infection. Also, these procedures may not be as effective if one is above sixty-five years old, as the chance of cataracts returning is high.

A less obvious risk is choosing a clinic or eye doctor that does not possess the proper experience or qualifications. They should be able to provide proof of accreditation as well as examples of the success of their work. Choosing a less-than-experienced surgeon or eye institute may cause unforeseen circumstances.

Potential risks associated with ocular surgery include:
  • Temporary conditions that are irritating and may obscure vision.
  • Infection.
  • Detached cataracts or bleeding (with cataract treatments).