Diabetes causes high levels of glucose in the blood, as the body is unable to use it properly. It is estimated that more than 3 million people in the United Kingdom have diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes develops when the body cannot produce insulin. Although it is not fully understood why this occurs, doctors believe it is triggered by a virus or infection.

With Type 2 diabetes, the body still makes insulin, but cannot produce enough.

While diabetes is a serious condition, both types can be controlled with insulin, diet and exercise.


Symptoms can include:

  • Urinating more often than usual.
  • Fatigue.
  • Increased thirst.
  • Unexplained weight loss.

Are there any preventive measures I can take?

Although type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented, there are ways to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. Eating high amounts of sugary and fatty foods does not cause diabetes, but it can make you become overweight, which is a risk factor for diabetes. Others risk factors, such as age and family history, are beyond your control.

If you think you may be diabetic...

If you suspect that you may be diabetic, it is important that you visit your doctor. Once the diagnosis has been made, the condition can be brought under control with medication and lifestyle changes.

There are many resources online where you can find out more information on diabetes. Although this is not a substitute for medical advice, you may find it useful to do some research yourself, so you may gain a better understanding of the condition and how to manage it.

There are numerous websites specifically dedicated to diabetes, which offer plenty of information and advice. As well as learning more about the condition, you can find out about any programs or events in your area. You can also find advice on fundraising and volunteering.

To summarize:
  • Frequent urination, extreme thirst and weight loss can be signs of diabetes
  • Diabetes is treated with insulin, diet and exercise
  • Diabetes is common in the United Kingdom