Cosmetic Breast Surgery
Breast Augmentation, Enhancement and Implants
With the advent of modern technology, a host of cosmetic solutions are now available for those wishing to modify their outward appearance safely and effectively. One of the most popular areas of a woman’s body that is addressed is the breasts. Common procedures include breast augmentation through the use of implants, breast lifts and breast reductions. As these options are becoming increasingly popular, a great deal of public attention has been directed at this growing field.
Cosmetic Enhancement Techniques
Cosmetic surgery of the breasts can used to either augment or reduce breast tissue. Breast augmentation revolves around invasive surgery that will insert saline implants underneath the fatty tissue of the breast itself. An incision will be made either underneath the breast or around the aureola. The implant is then inserted and the wound closed. Recent advances in medical technology have allowed the incisions to be less noticeable and for the breasts to achieve a more natural-looking appearance. These procedures are commonly known as “boob jobs”.
Also known as mastopexy, a breast lift is intended to alter the appearance of the breast without the use of implants. Three incisions are made around the aureola, excess skin is removed and then the area is sewn shut. The result is a breast that will be “lifted” and appear higher. This will change both the contour and the firmness of the surrounding tissue.
On the contrary, some women may seek a breast reduction. This may be desired due to lower back problems or personal cosmetic reasons. This process involves making small incisions around the aureola and the contour of the breast. The surgeon will then physically remove excess fatty tissue that lies below the skin. Normally, the nipples and aureola remain attached, thus allowing the woman to retain sensation in these areas. The incisions will then be closed and the breasts allowed to heal.
So, there are three main types of cosmetic surgery performed on the breasts and can be listed as:
- Breast augmentation, commonly known as a “boob job”
- A breast lift.
- A tissue reduction.
Understanding the Risks Associated with these Procedures
As with any type of surgery, women need to be cognizant of the health risks involved. Fortunately, the risks associated with these types of surgery are generally minimal. Nonetheless, they should be mentioned briefly.
Before considering any treatment, the doctor will check for any underlying conditions. Pre-existing instances such as haemophilia, low blood sugar, anaemia or a heart condition will all be determined. These will all affect the procedure itself and if it can be safely performed.
During the treatment, an exceedingly small portion of patients may have adverse reactions to the anaesthesia administered. Excess bleeding may occur but is also very rare.
Additionally, it is not uncommon to experience post-surgical discomfort. Results can include inflammation, tenderness and possible on-site infection. It is for this reason that the doctor may prescribe antibiotics for a period of ten days or longer after the surgery has been completed.
Saline implants are put into position while empty, then filled in situ, while silicone implants are ready-filled. Both types of implant have a tough silicone outer shell. Occasionally these shells can rupture or leak, due to an internal weakness or through the ageing process. The saline fluid is harmlessly absorbed by the body, but the silicone shell will need to be removed. If a silicone gel implant leaks the silicone usually does not travel around the body, being held in place by the tissue around the implant, but always seek medical advice on whether it should be removed straight away, or if it can be left in place for a time.
Other potential results can be infection, reduced sensation in the nipple and surrounding breast and even a slightly increased risk of a type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Finally, one of the primary concerns is choosing a properly certified surgeon. He or she should have a proven track record, be able to provide specific credentials and also should be willing to offer examples of successful case studies upon request.
So, some of the main considerations that need to be addressed are:
- The presence of any underlying health conditions.
- Effects of anaesthesia or unexpected bleeding.
- Post-surgical discomfort.
- Damaged implants.
- The possibility of infection.
- The qualifications of the physician.