Compression stockings are a specialized type of hosiery designed to maintain the blood flow of blood in the veins found in the legs.
The elastic garment exerts pressure against the legs, helping to ease the pain of any aches or heaviness. Through compressing surface veins, arteries and muscles, the arterial pressure increases as the circulating blood is forced through narrower circulatory channels, causing more blood to return to the heart.
The main purposes of Compression Stockings:
- To apply pressure
- Increase blood flow
- Relive swelling, pain and discomfort.
A compression stocking needs to be constructed of a durable fabric that will offer an adequate amount of pressure while allowing the skin to "breathe" and without hinder mobility during daily activities. They usually remain tightest around the ankles, gradually becoming less constrictive further up the leg.
This certain stocking is usually prescribed for use if suffering from conditions that may cause poor blood flow in your legs. Such conditions include:
- Varicose veins - a condition where veins become swollen and enlarged.
- Venous leg ulcers - these ulcers are usually sore and damaged areas of skin that can take a long time to heal.
- Lymphoedema - the painful swelling of body tissue.
- DVT - a deep vein blood clot (sometimes compression stockings are prescribed in this case to prevent post-thrombotic syndrome, a painful swelling that can occur in your calf after having DVT).