There are various contraceptive methods available that can help to prevent undesired pregnancies. These include hormonal contraceptives, barrier contraceptives and intrauterine devices. Using a reliable method of contraception can prevent the distress of deciding to have an abortion, as well as avoiding the financial abortion costs. The procedure of having a pregnancy termination, whether early or late term, can be a very traumatic experience.
Types of birth control
Hormonal contraceptives can include pills, implants and injections. The hormonal contraceptives work by inhibiting ovulation and fertilization.
The most commonly used is the combined oral contraceptive pill, usually just called ‘the pill’. There can be various side effects caused by taking the pill, including breast tenderness, headaches and nausea. Usually, these symptoms improve after the first three months. There can also be more serious issues, such as increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Studies have shown that the pill can reduce the risk of certain cancers, but may increase the risk of others.
Barrier contraceptives can prevent pregnancy by stopping the sperm from entering the uterus. These contraceptives include condoms, diaphragms and contraceptive sponges.
Another method of contraception is the intrauterine device (IUD). This device is inserted into the uterus to disrupt sperm motility and prevent it from joining with the egg.
Getting more information
There are many online resources where you can learn more facts about the methods of contraception that are available. You can find information on the pros and cons of each method, as well as any contraindications. Not every method will be suitable for everyone. For example, women who smoke or are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease may be advised against taking the pill.
There are also NHS sexual health clinics where you can go for advice. If you are unsure of where to find your nearest clinic, you can use an online directory to perform a search using your post code.
So, to summarize:
- There are many different options for contraception
- Not every method will suit every person
- You can find more information online or from your local clinic